|Assay type:||GI Tract|
|Tissue:||Human Gastrointestinal Mucosa|
|Study Type:||Ussing chamber|
This assay assesses the permeability of test articles across healthy human and/or diseased gastrointestinal mucosa. It is possible to assess permeability across multiple regions of the GI system.
The intestines are essential for the digestion of food and the absorption of fluid and electrolytes. changes in the anatomy or function of the intestines can lead to disorders such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Crohns, Ulcerative Colitis and diarrhoea.
Figure 1: Bar graph depicting the apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) values for a variety of compounds in isolated human duodenum.
The specific results that will be provided are on the permeability of test articles across human gastrointestinal mucosa.
6 weeks from sample receipt for n = 3 donors.
Test Article Requirements
Test article(s) to be provided by the Sponsor in storable aliquots at required test concentrations with information on diluent vehicle used. Stock solutions are prepared in deionised water unless otherwise requested. Bath volumes are 5 mL; Sponsor to provide sufficient test article to run the entire study.
Rationale and Experimental Design
This assay assesses the permeability of test articles across healthy human gastrointestinal mucosa.
No specific exclusion criteria are in place other than to reject macroscopically diseased/necrotic tissue. Furthermore, tissues which do not have a satisfactory potential difference or transepithelial resistance will be excluded.
Standardisation and Qualification
All GI mucosal tissues are initially processed through standardisation and qualification procedures to ensure functionality, prior to starting the study protocol.
Prior to mounting the mucosa in the Ussing Chambers, the potential difference of the electrodes and the resistance due to the PSS will be offset prior to the experiment. This will ensure that any electrical measurements obtained will be solely tissue derived.
Following mounting of the mucosa the tissue will be allowed to equilibrate before measurements of the tissues potential difference are made. If the tissue potential difference is satisfactory then the tissue will be placed under voltage clamp and the transepithelial resistance measured.
Tissue will be allowed to equilibrate under voltage clamp conditions before any experimental work is started.
Mucosal samples which pass the qualification pass/fail criteria will then progress to the study protocol.
To assess the permeability of each test article, a single concentration of test article will be added to the apical chamber and samples taken from the apical and basolateral chambers at both 0 and 120 minutes. Three reference control compounds will also be run to allow direct comparison with test articles. An example of the conditions assessed for 3 test articles are detailed below (each condition will be run in duplicate mucosal tissues):
End point analysis can either be carried out in-house, outsourced or bath samples can be sent back to the sponsor.